Respiratory Disorder

Respiratory disorder, or respiratory disease, is a term that encompasses a variety of pathogenic conditions that affect respiration in living organisms. Respiratory disease occurs in the respiratory tract, which includes the alveoli, bronchi, bronchioles, pleura, pleural cavity, trachea and the nerves and muscles of breathing. There are three main types of respiratory disease: airway diseases, lung tissue diseases and lung circulation diseases. Airway diseases affect the tubes that carry oxygen and other gases into and out of the lungs. Airway diseases usually result in narrowing or blocking of the passageways. Lung tissue diseases affect the structure of lung tissue and result in scarring or inflammation of the lung tissue. This, in turn, makes breathing difficult. Lung circulation diseases occur when the blood vessels in the lungs become clotted, inflamed or scarred. These diseases affect the ability of the lungs to receive oxygen and produce carbon dioxide, and they may affect the functioning of the heart.

Best Pulmonologist

Getting a good Pulmonologist on time can save many lives. We often try to ignore problems that are associated with our respiratory system. One must consult a Pulmonologist if they are experiencing any of the following symptoms daily.

  • Breathing difficulties.
  • Frequent and persistent Cough (Dry/wet).
  • Producing mucoid or blood in sputum while coughing.
  • Severe breathing difficulties while doing activities of daily living.
  • Sudden weight loss without any reason.

Getting treated for these type of serious and persistent symptoms not only benefit our health and life but also the lives of our close ones as many of the diseases caused by this are transmissible. When you are affected by respiratory problems or are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, you need to consult a Pulmonologist or Respiratory specialist. 

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart, such as:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias.
  • Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome.
  • Congenital heart disease.
  • Coronary artery. disease (narrowing of the arteries).
  • Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
  • Heart attack.
  • Heart failure.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death. It’s important to learn about your heart to help prevent it. If you have it, you can live a healthier, more active life by learning about your disease and taking care of yourself.

What diseases does a Pulmonologist treat?

A pulmonologist or respiratory specialist treats diseases related to the respiratory system of our body. Some of the examples are as follows:

Bronchial Asthma:

It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in our lungs. It leads to periodic, episodic and recurrent swelling in these airways which makes the pathway swell and become too thin, triggered by certain inciting factors, leading to the release of certain chemicals causing inflammation. Thus one experiences chest tightness, wheezing while breathing along with coughing, shortness of breath and heaviness in the chest.

Acute and Chronic Bronchitis:

It is inflammation or swelling of the bronchi. The swollen and inflamed passage makes air movement difficult leading to uncomfortable breathing with the release of secretions. Bronchitis is always associated with coughing that produces mucus and eventually leads to thickening of the airways and bronchioles.

Interstitial lungs disease (ILD):

It is a rare disease that affects the interstitial part of the lungs. This can happen from inflammation, scarring, or a build-up fluid. Its symptoms can be dry cough and progressive shortness of breath. It leads to the formation of irreversible fibrosis, scarring and stiffness of the lungs over a period of time.

Tuberculosis (TB):

It is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and spread by the droplet infection from the infected persons. The incubation period is about 2 -10 weeks. The symptoms include chronic cough, low-grade fever, hemoptysis and weight loss.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD ):

It is a chronic obstructive lung disease as airflow limitation is not fully reversible and is caused due to chronic smoking and other irritants. It is associated with an abnormal respiratory response during the prolonged exposure to these irritants leading to structural damage to the lungs. Symptoms include chest discomfort, cough, progressive shortness of breath and wheezing.

Cystic fibrosis ( CF ):

It is a rare genetic disorder that mostly affects the lungs. The body produces thicker and sticky mucus than normal. The thick mucus clogs and obstructs various organs. The symptoms are wheezing, shortness of breath, and persistent coughing.

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